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Appendices

A. Financial Statements

GPOBA derives its resources from donor contributions, which are channeled through trust funds administered by the World Bank Group. The World Bank recovers an administrative fee for costs associated with this task. GPOBA’s budget and accounting processes are aligned with the World Bank fiscal year, which runs from July to June.

Contributions Received

As of June 30, 2015, GPOBA’s donors have pledged a total of $337.9 million to the program, of which $335.7 million has been received (Table A.1). In fiscal year 2015, GPOBA received $17.2 million from donors, including new contributions of $10.5 million from Sida (Table A.2).

Table A.1: Donor Contributions to GPOBA (in $millions)

Donor Pledge Received To be received
DFAT 37.49 37.49
DFID 112.81 112.81
DGIS 28.27 28.27
EU 1.80 1.80
IFC 97.80 97.80
SIDA 59.73 57.48 2.25
Total 337.90 335.65 2.25

Table A.2: Receipt of Donor Contributions by Year (in $millions)

FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 Total
DFAT 0.26 28.93 8.31 37.49
DFID 2.50 3.40 6.80 21.70 13.30 10.20 19.20 14.50 11.22 6.84 1.63 1.52 112.81
DGIS 11.00 8.00 9.27 28.27
EU 1.00 0.80 1.80
IFC 35.00 25.50 37.30 97.80
SIDA 6.90 8.90 2.20 20.80 3.04 15.64 57.48
Total 2.50 3.40 41.80 32.96 53.70 49.40 28.10 54.00 19.53 28.44 4.67 17.16 335.65

Disbursements

GPOBA disbursements totaled $16.9 million in fiscal year 2015 (Table A.3). Disbursements were made for activities approved in fiscal year 2015, as well as for activities approved in prior years that are implemented over multiple years.

Table A.3: GPOBA Disbursements in FY15

Program Management (in $ millions)
a) Program Management and Center of Expertise 1,183,305
Sub total 1,183,305
Disbursement Related to FY15 Work Program (in $ millions)
a) Technical Assistance 4,878,584
b) Project Supervision and Preparation 1,287,897
c) Subsidy Funding 9,610,141
Sub total 15,776,623
Grand Total 16,959,928

Of the total disbursements this fiscal year, $15.8 million (93 percent) was related to the annual work program. Most of this amount ($9.6 million) was disbursement of subsidy funding for pilot projects under implementation, with the rest going to technical assistance, and preparation and supervision of projects. At $1.2 million, program management and administration represented 7 percent of total disbursements.

Single Audit Process

The World Bank Group has instituted an annual ‘single audit’ exercise for all trust funds. As part of this exercise, the GPOBA program manager signs a trust fund representation letter attesting to the correctness and completeness of the financial process for all GPOBA trust funds. The task manager for each approved activity is required to confirm that due diligence has been exercised with respect to the administration, management, and monitoring of the funds awarded for the activity, and has ensured that all expenses and disbursements are made in accordance with World Bank procurement and administrative guidelines.

B. Projects

Table B.1: Fully Implemented Projects

Country Project name Output description Number of verified outputs Number of beneficiaries
Armenia Armenia Gas and Heating Households with access to heating either through an individual connection or local boiler system 5,847 23,739
Bangladesh Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development Solar Home Systems 497,613 2,488,065
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development - Mini Grid Project Mini grid and solar water pumps TBD TBD
Bolivia Rural Electricity Access with Small-Scale Providers Solar Home Systems and Pico-PV systems 11,755 60,815
Cameroon Water Affermage Contract-OBA for Coverage Expansion Households with water connections 25,254 151,524
Colombia Access to Natural Gas Households with gas connections 34,138 204,828
Ethiopia Ethiopia Electricity Access Rural Expansion Household electricity connections, including two compact fluorescent lamps 60,000 300,000
Ghana Solar PV Systems to Increase Access to Electricity Services in Ghana Solar Home Systems and solar lanterns 16,822 100,932
Honduras National OBA Facility for Water and Sanitation Services Households with water and sanitation connections 14,600 87,600
India Improved Rural Community Water in Andhra Pradesh Ultraviolet water purification systems providing access to clean water 25 77,878
India Improved Electricity Access to Indian Slum Dwellers in Mumbai Households with electricity connections 15 75
Indonesia Expansion of Water Services in Low-income Areas of Jakarta Households with water connections 5,042 25,210
Indonesia Extending Telecommunications in Rural Indonesia Internet locations 222 476,000
Indonesia Expanding Piped Water Supply to Surabayas Urban Poor Households with water connections and Master meters 13,473 67,815
Kenya Microfinance for Community-managed Water Projects Households with water connections and Water Kiosks 17,500 202,000
Lesotho Lesotho New Hospital PPP Inpatient services at the new Queen Mamohato Memorial Hospital and outpatient services at three semi-urban filter clinics 808,739 808,739
Mongolia Mongolia Universal Access to Telecommunications 1) Public access to telephone network for herder communities 2) Wireless network for Tariat soum center 1 public access telephone network and 2 wireless networks 22,315
Morocco Improved Access to Water and Sanitation Services Households with water and sanitation connections 12,426 62,130
Mozambique Water Private Sector Contracts-OBA for Coverage Expansion Households with water connections 33,407 601,326
Nepal Biogas Support Program Biogas plants for rural households 26,363 184,541
Nigeria Pre-paid Health Scheme Medical Services 13,473 13,473
Philippines Improved Access to Water Services in Metro Manila Households with water connections 28,562 171,372
Senegal Access to On-Site Sanitation Services Households benefitting from increased access to new sanitation facilities 11,495 103,455
Uganda Reproductive Health Vouchers in Western Uganda Safe deliveries and treatments of sexually transmitted diseases 97,248 162,838
Uganda Kampala Water Connections for the Poor Water yard taps and Public Water Points. 7,524 129,900
Uganda Small Towns Water Supply and Rural Growth Centers Water yard taps and Public Water Points 2,416 54,486
Vietnam Upper Secondary Education Enhancement Tuition Packages 8,145 8,145
Vietnam Targeting Service Expansion through Water Loss Reduction Households with water connections 35,344 176,720
Yemen Safe Motherhood Program Enrollments 16,878 33,756
Total 1,804,329 6,799,677

C. Grant Agreements

Table C.1: Grant Agreements

Country Project Name IDA eligibility Grant Amount ($M) Planned # of beneficiaries Average subsidy per person ($) Description Sector
Armenia Access to Gas & Heat Supply for Poor Urban Households in Armenia IDA Blend 3.10 23,739 130.59 This project closed in December 2009, having improved access to gas and heating services for poor households in urban multi-apartment buildings, by subsidizing the cost of new service connections. Energy
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development - Mini Grid Project IDA 1.10 20,000 55.00 This project aims to help about 5,000 households, shops, and small and medium enterprises in rural Bangladesh to gain access to electricity by reducing the capital cost of mini-grid systems. The GPOBA grant will mean providers can charge a tariff that is affordable to the connected beneficiaries. Energy
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development - Solar Home Systems Project IDA 13.95 2,373,075 5.88 This project aims to increase access to energy services for poor people in rural areas of Bangladesh by addressing the issue of insufficient grid capacity through the installation of solar home systems (SHS). Energy
Bangladesh Bangladesh Rural Solar Home Systems Scale Up IDA 15.00 1,210,000 12.40 GPOBA brings a pro-poor dimension to this scale-up, co-financed by the WBG, the Government of Bangladesh, and Partner Organizations/project sponsors. OBA financing makes access to off-grid electrification (SHS, mini-grids, solar irrigation pumps) and clean cooking (biogas plants) affordable to the poor in rural, remote areas through capital buy-down grants. Energy
Bolivia Decentralized Electricity for Universal Access IDA Blend 5.18 45,000 115.00 This project established direct connections and affordable access to electricity for poor Bolivian households and micro-enterprises in remote rural areas of Bolivia. Energy
Cameroon Cameroon Water Affermage Contract - OBA for Coverage Expansion IDA 5.25 240,000 21.88 This project will subsidize the cost of new connections to piped water for low- to middle-income households currently without access, and is expected to benefit around 240,000 people. Water
Colombia Natural Gas Distribution for Low-Income Families in the Caribbean Coast IBRD 5.10 210,000 24.29 This project closed on July 31, 2008, having successfully connected 34,138 families to the natural gas distribution network along the Colombian Caribbean Coast. Energy
Ethiopia Ethiopia Electrification Access Rural Expansion Project IDA 8.00 1,142,855 7.00 This OBA scheme helped EEPCo, a state-owned national utility, finance the cost of providing access to electricity for poor customers in rural towns and villages with grid access. Energy
Ghana Solar PV Systems to Increase Access to Electricity IDA 4.35 75,000 58.00 The GPOBA grant provids increased electricity access through renewable energy technology for poor households in remote rural regions of Ghana, to benefit 75,000 people. Energy
Ghana Ghana: GAMA Urban Sanitation IDA 4.80 132,000 36.36 The project is part of a larger IDA project to increase access to improved water and sanitation in the GAMA. The OBA component will benefit 6,600 households in low-income communities by partially subsidizing access to new and sustainable toilet facilities. Water
Honduras Extension of Water and Sanitation Services in Low-Income Areas of Honduras IDA 4.59 87,600 52.40 This project developed an OBA facility to establish an efficient and transparent mechanism for financing infrastructure in water and sanitation projects in Honduras. Water
India Improved Rural Community Water in Andhra Pradesh IDA Blend 0.85 77,878 10.91 This project closed on December 31, 2009, having provided access to safe drinking water for 77,878 poor inhabitants of Andhra Pradesh through the development of 25 community water supply schemes. Water
India Mumbai Improved Electricity Access to Indian Slum Dwellers Project IDA Blend 1.65 131,250 12.57 The GPOBA grant subsidized the cost of electricity connections and wiring for inhabitants of the Shivajinagar slum in Mumbai. Energy
Indonesia Expanding Piped Water Supply to Surabaya's Urban Poor Project IBRD 2.41 77,500 31.06 This OBA scheme has extended piped water connections to around 15,500 low-income households in Surabaya. Water
Indonesia Expansion of Water Services in Low-Income Areas of Jakarta IDA Blend 2.57 58,150 44.25 This project brought water services to communities in low-income areas of Jakarta by funding one-off connection subsidies for an estimated 12,000 poor households. Water
Indonesia Extending Telecommunications in Rural Indonesia IBRD 1.87 758,210 2.46 This project facilitates access to the Internet and associated telecommunications and data services through _community access points‰Û in poor areas, benefitting an estimated 758,210 people. Information and Communication Technology
Kenya Micro-Finance for Small Water Schemes IDA 3.09 106,267 29.09 This scheme increased access to and efficiency in water supply services for the poor in rural and peri-urban areas of Kenya through investments in around 35 community water projects. Water
Kenya Kenya Electricity Expansion Project IDA 5.15 264,000 19.51 This project uses GPOBA funds to scale up the Kenya Power and Lighting Companyås model of delivering electricity connections in slums throughout Nairobi. The goal of this project is to scale up a method of connecting the urban poor through use of a small, but targeted, subsidy. Energy
Kenya Nairobi Sanitation IDA 4.33 80,000 54.13 The Development Objective is to provide sustainable access to sanitation and water services in selected low-income communities of Nairobi, by applying one-off OBA subsidies in order to make pro-poor sewerage and water connections financially viable. Water
Kenya Kenya Water OBA Fund Scale-Up IDA 11.84 150,000 78.93 This scale-up will help water services providers access loan finance from the domestic private sector to finance water and sanitation subprojects in municipal/county-owned utilities. GPOBA subsidies will benefit 30,000 low-income households under this initiative. Water
Lesotho Lesotho Health PPP Project IDA 6.25 500,000 12.50 The GPOBA grant will provide subsidies for inpatient services at a new 390-bed National Referral Hospital, and outpatient services at three semi-urban filter clinics that have been refurbished. Health
Liberia Monrovia Improved Electricity Access Project IDA 10.20 80,000 127.50 The GPOBA grant off-sets part of the capital costs associated with building the transmission and distribution networks for Monrovia. The grant also subsidizes connection costs for individual households. Energy
Mali Mali Rural Electrification Hybrid System IDA 5.00 130,000 38.46 The objective of the Project is to expand access to modern energy services in rural areas of the Recipient and to increase renewable energy generation in target areas. Energy
Mongolia Mongolia OBA Pilot Project of Universal Access Strategy IDA 0.26 22,315 11.62 This project closed on October 31, 2008, having provided telephone services to around 20,000 members of herder communities, and telephone and internet services to around 22,315 residents of Tariat and Chuluut soum centers. Information and Communication Technology
Morocco Morocco Urban Water and Sanitation IBRD 7.00 52,520 133.28 The project closed on December 31, 2012, having provided with access to safe water and improved sanitation for over 11,000 low-income households in disadvantaged peri-urban and rural neighborhoods of Casablanca, Meknes, and Tangiers. Water
Mozambique Mozambique Water Private Sector Contracts - OBA for Coverage Expansion IDA 5.00 468,000 10.68 This project aims to provide subsidized water connections for domestic consumers in Mozambique through the construction of shared yard taps, expected to benefit up to 468,000 people. Water
Nepal Biogas Support Program IDA 5.00 184,541 27.09 The scheme subsidized approximately 26,000 biogas plants for rural Nepalese households to increase access to clean and affordable energy for cooking and lighting. Energy
Nepal Municipal Solid Waste Management IDA 4.28 800,000 5.35 The project will support improvement in the quality and financial sustainability of solid waste management services in four participating municipalities targeting 800,000 beneficiaries. Solid Waste Management
Nigeria Nigeria Pre-Paid Health Scheme Project IDA 6.02 22,500 267.34 This OBA scheme aims to provide affordable pre-paid health insurance plans for up to 22,500 beneficiaries (employees and their families) who belong to the Computer and Allied Products Association (CAPDAN) at the Ikeja IT village in Lagos. Health
Philippines Improved Access to Water Services in the East Zone of Metro Manila Project IBRD 2.85 123,084 23.15 This project provided affordable piped potable water to poor households in Metro Manila, benefitting over 170,000 people. Water
Philippines Philippines Reproductive Health IBRD 3.65 786,765 4.64 The project aims to increase access to affordable maternal and reproductive health services for around 200,000 low-income families Health
Senegal On-Site Sanitation Project IDA 5.76 103,500 55.69 This OBA subsidy scheme helped offset the cost of new sanitation facilities for an estimated 11,500 poor households. Water
Sri Lanka Increasing Household Access to Domestic Sanitation in Greater Colombo IDA Blend 5.08 77,035 65.94 Improving access to sanitation services in Greater Colombo (Sri Lanka) by increasing the number of house connections to existing and new sewerage networks, and improving on-site sanitation services at household level through rehabilitation of septic tanks and regulated desludging services. Water
Uganda OBA in Kampala - Water Connections for the Poor IDA 2.53 469,950 5.38 This scheme will provide a one-off connection subsidy to partially fund the cost of new domestic metered connections. The project envisages making about 20,000 new yard tap connections and installing about 800 new public water points over a period of three years. Water
Uganda OBA in Water Supply in Uganda's Small Towns and Rural Growth Centers IDA 3.21 51,972 61.71 This project increased access to sustainable water supply services for the poor living in selected small towns and rural growth centers, benefitting over 50,000 people. Water
Uganda Reproductive Health Vouchers in Western Uganda IDA 4.30 164,616 26.12 This project improved women's access to trained medical professionals throughout pregnancy and provided subsidized STD treatment for over 160,000 poor Ugandans. Health
Uganda Uganda Grid-Based OBA Facility Project IDA 5.50 510,000 10.78 The OBA scheme provides subsidies to help fill the gap between what the user is willing to pay for connecting to the electricity grid, and what it costs the electricity distribution companies to make these connections. Energy
Uganda Uganda Reproductive Health Voucher Program Scale-Up IDA 13.30 132,400 100.45 This scale-up project aims to use vouchers to subsidize the cost of reproductive health care for poor consumers in Uganda. The project will be implemented by Ugandaås Ministry of Health, and is expected to contribute to over 132,000 safe deliveries. Health
Vanuatu Improved Electricity Access IDA 4.85 21,440 226.21 The Project Development Objective (PDO) for this operation is to increase sustainable access to formal grid-based electricity services within Vanuatuås electricity concession service areas for low-income consumers through targeted subsidies Energy
Vietnam Vietnam Rural Water (EMW) IDA 4.50 176,720 25.46 This project brought safe water services to an estimated 30,000 poor families in rural Vietnam. Water
Vietnam Vietnam Upper Secondary Education Enhancement Project IDA 3.00 8,100 370.37 This pilot increased access to secondary education at semi-public and private schools for over 8,100 poor students. Subsidy payments to participating schools were made on condition of pre-agreed indicators that demonstrated both a student's attendance and educational attainment. Education
West Bank Solid Waste Management 8.25 840,000 9.82 This project is designed to enable better quality, affordable, more efficient, and sustainable waste collection, transport, and safe disposal of waste in the West Bank. Solid Waste Management
Yemen Yemen Safe Motherhood Program IDA 3.91 30,000 130.41 The objective of this project is to provide sustainable maternal health services, including up to 15,000 safe child births, to poor women of reproductive age (15-49) in Sanaåa, Yemen. Health
Zambia Zambia Rural Electrification IDA 4.95 140,000 35.36 The project aims to provide 22,000 low-income households and 5,000 micro and small enterprises in urban and peri-urban areas of Zambia with access to grid-based electricity services. It builds upon the ongoing Increased Access to Electricity Services (IAES) project, co-financed by the WBG and the European Commission ($7 million). Energy
Total 170.50 10,612,784 16.10

D. Disbursements

Table D.1: Disbursements as of June 30, 2015

Closed Projects
Country Project Name Grant Amount ($) Cumulative Disbursements ($) Disbursement (%) Sector Region
Closed projects
Armenia Armenia Access to Gas and Heating 3,100,000 3,087,196 100% Energy ECA
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development - Solar Home Systems 13,950,000 13,950,000 100% Energy SAR
Bangladesh Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development - Mini Grid 1,100,000 968,790 88% Energy SAR
Bolivia Bolivia Rural Electricity Access with Small-Scale Providers 5,175,000 5,152,403 100% Energy LAC
Cameroon Cameroon Water Affermage contract - OBA for coverage expansion 5,250,000 1,816,259 35% Water AFR
Colombia Access to Natural Gas 5,085,000 4,880,382 96% Energy LAC
Ethiopia Ethiopia Electricity Access Rural Expansion 8,000,000 451,290 6% Energy AFR
Ghana Solar PV Systems to Increase Access to Electricity Services 4,350,000 4,065,021 93% Energy AFR
Honduras Extension of Water and Sanitation Services in Low income areas of Honduras 4,590,000 4,536,847 99% Water LAC
India Improved Rural Community Water in Andhra Pradesh 850,000 834,276 98% Water SAR
India Improved Electricity Access to Indian Slum Dwellers in Mumbai 1,650,000 40,901 2% Energy SAR
Indonesia Expanding Piped Water Supply to Surabaya's Urban Poor 2,407,500 1,084,391 45% Water EAP
Indonesia Expansion of Water Services in Low income areas of Jakarta 2,573,140 1,743,902 68% Water EAP
Indonesia Extending Telecommunications in Rural Indonesia 1,868,340 1,516,534 81% Telecom EAP
Kenya Microfinance for Community-managed Water Projects 3,087,630 2,597,119 84% Water AFR
Lesotho Lesotho New Hospital PPP 6,250,000 6,250,000 100% Health AFR
Mongolia Mongolia Universal Access to Telecommunications 259,400 257,335 99% Telecom EAP
Morocco Improved Access to Water and Sanitation Services Project 7,000,000 6,999,766 100% Water and Sanitation MNA
Mozambique Water Private Sector Contracts OBA for Coverage Expansion 5,000,000 4,768,183 95% Water AFR
Nepal Biogas Support Programme 5,000,000 4,974,979 99% Energy SAR
Nigeria Pre-paid Health Scheme Pilot 6,015,160 4,128,973 69% Health AFR
Philippines Improved Access to Water Services in Metro Manila 2,850,000 2,063,573 72% Water EAP
Senegal Access to On-Site Sanitation Services 5,764,000 5,099,544 88% Sanitation AFR
Uganda Reproductive Health Vouchers in Western Uganda 4,300,000 4,046,688 94% Health AFR
Uganda OBA in Water Supply in Uganda's Small Towns and Rural Growth Centers 3,207,000 2,414,031 75% Water AFR
Uganda Kampala Water Connections for the Poor 2,527,100 1,509,455 60% Water AFR
Vietnam Upper Secondary Education Enhancement 3,000,000 2,896,389 97% Education EAP
Vietnam Vietnam Rural Water East Meets West Foundation 4,500,000 4,499,967 100% Water EAP
Yemen Safe Motherhood Program 3,912,190 3,555,225 91% Health MNA
Total for Closed Projects 122,621,460 100,189,420
Projects Under Implementation
Country Project Name Grant Amount ($) Cumulative Disbursements ($) Disbursement (%) Sector Region
Closed projects
Ghana Urban Sanitation Facility for Greater Accra 4,850,000 0 0% Sanitation AFR
Kenya Kenya Electricity Expansion Project 5,150,000 4,375,497 85% Energy AFR
Kenya Urban Water and Sanitation OBA Fund for Low Income Areas Project 11,835,000 250,000 2% Water and Sanitation AFR
Kenya Nairobi Sanitation Project 4,330,000 0 0% Sanitation AFR
Liberia Monrovia Improved Electricity Access Project 10,000,000 5,280,744 53% Energy AFR
Mali Rural Electrification Hybrid System 5,000,000 519,570 10% Energy AFR
Nepal Nepal Solid Waste Management 4,288,381 504,569 12% SWM SAR
Philippines Philippines Reproductive Health 2,977,530 1,271,232 43% Health EAP
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sanitation 5,080,000 82,000 2% Sanitation SAR
Uganda Energy for Rural Transformation Project 5,500,000 0 0% Energy AFR
Vanuatu Improved Electricity Access 4,850,000 160,799 3% Energy EAP
West Bank West Bank Solid Waste Management 8,256,623 3,644,708 44% SWM MNA
Total for Projects Under Implementation 72,117,534 16,089,120
Grand Total 194,738,994 116,278,540

E. Inn-OBA-tions Awards

Table E.1: Inn-oba-tions Awards Winners in FY15

Award Category Project Name Country Sector Project summary
Collaboration Award Kenya Electricity Kenya Energy In Kenya, a $5 million GPOBA grant leveraged $21 million from IDA, the electricity provider and user contributions to provide connections to poor households in Kenyas informal settlements. There were significant problems working around the cartels. To find solutions, the urban team pitched in with site selection/community involvement. The water practice shared knowledge from their program in Kawole Soweto, and transport made sure the connections were included in their resettlement action plan. As a result, electricity connections went from 3,500 over a two-year period to 12,000 in the next 5 months.
Inclusion Award Bolivia Decentralized Energy for Universal Access Bolivia Energy This project used OBA subsidies to support private providers in delivering SHS for rural households, microenterprises, schools, and clinics. Through careful targeting, the project helped improve the living conditions of 60,000 people, primarily indigenous. Furthermore, the project interacted strongly with local communities and organizations, developing a sense of ownership among the beneficiaries.
Pioneer Award Zimbabwe Health Sector Development Support Zimbabwe Health In the FCS environment of Zimbabwe, this project was developed to remove financial barriers to health care access on the demand-side and strengthen service delivery with a focus on supply-side results. The project uses a combination of RBF mechanisms-- in rural areas, a pay-for- performance mechanism rewards primary and secondary care health facilities based on quantity and quality of services. In low-income urban areas, the RBF scheme combines demand-side urban maternal health vouchers and a pay-for-quality scheme. The success of the project has led to a national RBF scale-up plan.
Pioneer Award Special Mentions Oaxaca Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Modernization Mexico Water Supply and Sanitation This project introduced an innovative RBF approach in the water sector, marking the first time PforR operations have been used to support WSS sector institutional reform and improvements in urban water services. The project also introduced the use of the PforR instrument for the first time in Mexico, where there was very little RBF experience and in a challenging subnational environment.
RBF for Municipal Solid Waste study Nepal, West Bank, Malaysia, China, Indonesia, Tanzania, Mali, Jamaica Solid Waste This project developed 5 customized RBF mechanisms (China, Jamaica, Indonesia, Malaysia, Tanzania), and synthesized design features and lessons from 3 more: Mali, Nepal, West Bank-- the latter of which are partially funded by GPOBA. The different schemes apply RBF to improve solid waste service delivery and fee collection, promote recycling and source separation, and strengthen waste collection and transport in underserved communities. Before initiation of this activity, the RBF mechanism had never before been applied in SWM; it has helped to establish a framework for future RBF work in SWM.
Indonesia Clean Stove Initiative Indonesia Energy This project is the first to introduce and operationalize the RBF approach for clean cook stoves in Indonesia, to scale up access to clean and efficient cooking solutions through capacity building, policy development, and support for selected government action plans. Under this approach, the private sector finances the inputs (stoves) and public resources are used to reimburse the services provider upon delivery of results. This gives suppliers the flexibility to innovate, which is critical for market development. The pilot has attracted other development partners, including the ADB.

F. GPOBA Team

groupphoto.jpg

Table F.1: GPOBA Team in 2015

Carmen Nonay (Program Manager until April 2015)
Catherine C. O'Farrell Head (from May 2015)
Rajesh Advani Senior Infrastructure Specialist
Ana Silvia Aguilera Infrastructure Specialist
Inga Afanasieva Infrastructure Specialist
Ricardo Arias Senior Infrastructure Specialist
Daniel Coila Operations Analyst
Stephanie Eskins-Gleason Learning Specialist
Raluca Golumbeanu Infrastructure Specialist
Sañl E. Gonzíçlez Senior Knowledge Management Assistant
Raha Janka Knowledge Management Specialist
Oleh P. Khalayim Monitoring and Evaluation Officer
Hywon Cha Kim Knowledge Management Officer
Charis Lypiridis Infrastructure Specialist
Jessica A. Lopez OBA/RBF Specialist
Molly McCloskey Communications Specialist
Crane Muleya Voice Secondee (Zambia)
Beth Wanjeri Mwangi Resource Management Analyst
Peggy Wilhide Nasir Senior Communications Officer
Constance Polite Program Assistant
Juliet Pumpuni Senior Infrastructure Specialist
Yara Salem Senior Infrastructure Specialist
Sauda Ahmed Seinu Voice Secondee (Ghana)
Leslie Villegas Infrastructure Specialist
Soo Jung Yoo Knowledge Management Specialist
Dilshod Yusupov Knowledge Management Specialist